Tuberculosis (TB) of the thyroid gland is rare, with acute abscess formation being the least common form of presentation. As such, TB of the thyroid may be overlooked as an initial clinical impression. A careful approach by history, physical examination, laboratory testing and radiologic imaging may aid in defining the etiology of the thyroid abscess, but these remain nonspecific. An accurate diagnosis may only be made by histologic examination. We present a case of a tuberculous abscess of the thyroid gland in a 37-year-old female. TB of the thyroid should also be considered when evaluating patients presenting with a painful thyroid nodule.